Towards smarter nuclear export controls
It is time to review and improve the functioning of nuclear export controls by introducing a risk-based approach and by providing guidance that will help small companies especially understand and deliver on their obligations.
A little over ten years ago the United Nations Security Council resolved to enhance international cooperation in preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons technology and other types of WMD (weapons of mass destruction) through illicit trafficking along supply chains. That resolution called on governments to maintain appropriate and effective export controls and to work with industry to prevent illicit trafficking.
The resolution also acknowledged that preventing proliferation should not hamper international cooperation for peaceful purposes but the complexity of the regulations makes it difficult for exporters to comply and distorts trade in nuclear components and materials and in the transfer of technology.